Deploying Laravel on 000Webhost is a straightforward process. Here's a step-by-step explanation:
- Sign up on the 000Webhost website and create a new hosting account.
- Once registered, log in to your account and navigate to the control panel.
- Look for the "Upload Files" option and click on it to access the file manager.
- In the file manager, locate the "public_html" directory and enter it.
- As Laravel's public files should reside in the "public" folder, create a new folder called "laravel" (or any preferred name) inside the "public_html" directory.
- Download Laravel from the official website (laravel.com) or using Composer (if you have it installed locally).
- After downloading Laravel, extract the files from the ZIP archive.
- Open the extracted Laravel folder and locate the contents of the "public" folder.
- Select all files and folders found inside the "public" folder and upload them directly into the "laravel" folder you created earlier in the "public_html" directory.
- Once the upload is complete, go back to the file manager and navigate to the "laravel" folder inside the "public_html" directory.
- Locate the "index.php" file and right-click to Edit it.
- In the code editor, look for the line that sets the $app variable and update its value to reflect the correct Laravel path. For example, if your Laravel folder is named "laravel," change the line to $app = require_once __DIR__.'/laravel/bootstrap/app.php';.
- Save the changes made to the "index.php" file and close the code editor.
- Now, navigate back to the "public_html" directory and locate a file named ".htaccess."
- Right-click on the ".htaccess" file and select Edit.
- In the code editor, find the line that says "RewriteRule ^ index.php [L]" and update it to "RewriteRule ^ /laravel/public/index.php [L]".
- Save the changes made to the ".htaccess" file and close the code editor.
- Finally, access your website by typing your domain name on any web browser. Laravel should now be successfully deployed on 000Webhost.
Remember, 000Webhost may have some limitations or specific server configurations that can affect Laravel's advanced features or specific requirements. It is advisable to refer to 000Webhost's documentation or contact their support team for any specific issues you may encounter during the deployment process.
What is Laravel and how does it work?
Laravel is a popular open-source PHP web application framework that follows the MVC (Model-View-Controller) architectural pattern. It provides an expressive syntax and a plethora of tools and features to make web development easier and more efficient.
Laravel works by taking advantage of the PHP language's object-oriented features. It helps developers in building robust and scalable web applications by providing a well-structured codebase, promoting code reusability, and offering a wide range of built-in functions and libraries.
Some key features of Laravel include:
- Routing: Laravel provides a simple and elegant way to define application routes and handles HTTP requests.
- Controllers: Controllers manage the application's logic, separating it from the presentation layer.
- Views: Laravel uses the Blade templating engine to create dynamic and reusable views.
- Eloquent ORM: Laravel's ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) allows developers to interact with databases using a simple and expressive syntax.
- Migration: Laravel provides a migration system to manage database schema changes, making it easy to modify and share database structures.
- Authentication and Authorization: Laravel makes it straightforward to implement authentication and authorization functionality in applications.
- Caching: Laravel has built-in support for caching to improve performance and reduce database load.
- Error and Exception Handling: Laravel provides a robust error and exception handling mechanism, allowing developers to debug and correct issues efficiently.
Laravel's community is vibrant and actively contributes to the framework by developing various packages and extensions, making it highly customizable and adaptable to different project requirements.
How to install required extensions for Laravel on 000Webhost?
To install required extensions for Laravel on 000Webhost, you can follow these steps:
- Log in to your 000Webhost account and go to the "Control Panel" of your Laravel project.
- Go to the "Settings" tab and click on the "General" option.
- Scroll down to the "PHP Extensions" section and click on the "Manage Extensions" button.
- In the "Manage Extensions" window, you will see a list of available PHP extensions. Look for the extensions required by Laravel, such as OpenSSL, PDO, Mbstring, Tokenizer, and XML. Tick the checkboxes next to these extension names.
- Click on the "Save Changes" button to install the selected extensions.
- After installation, make sure to restart your Laravel project for the changes to take effect. You can do this by clicking on the "Restart" button under the "General" tab.
By following these steps, you should be able to successfully install the required extensions for Laravel on 000Webhost.
What is hashing in Laravel and how it helps in securing user passwords?
In Laravel, hashing refers to the process of encrypting data, particularly user passwords, to enhance the security of the application. It uses one-way encryption algorithms that convert the user's password into a fixed-length string of characters that cannot be reverse-engineered to retrieve the original password.
Laravel provides a built-in hashing mechanism that simplifies password hashing. When a user registers or updates their password, Laravel automatically hashes the password using the bcrypt algorithm by default. Bcrypt is a widely recommended algorithm known for its strong encryption capabilities.
By using hashing in Laravel, user passwords are stored in the database as encrypted strings, significantly reducing the risk of exposure in case of a data breach. Furthermore, the hashing process ensures that the actual passwords cannot be easily deciphered by anyone, including those with access to the database.
While logging in, Laravel automatically performs the reverse process of hashing to compare the entered password with the stored hashed password. If the two match, the user is granted access, ensuring a secure authentication process.
In summary, hashing in Laravel provides a framework-level abstraction for securely encrypting user passwords, protecting user data, and preventing unauthorized access to sensitive information.