French Revolution and its Causes

By | November 24, 2015

The French Revolution was the expression of the American war of independence and the reformation ideas that spread in Europe during the 17th and 18th century. It was a period of radical social upheaval in France that had a fundamental impact on the French as well as the world history. French revolution saw a series of events extending over a period of more than 10 years from 1789-1799. The French revolution took place during the reign of King Louis XVI of the Bourbon dynasty. Many reasons are cited for this great French Revolution in the world history which largely influenced the geopolitics of Europe in the 18th century.

french revolution

One of the foremost reasons for the French Revolution was due to the policies of the Bourbon dynasty which believed in the divine right duty. France was an aristocratic society with the nobility and the clergy dominating the public decisions which were largely self-centric and hardly involved any public opinion and welfare of the masses.

King Louis XIV was a strong ruler but his descendants King Louis XV and King Louis XVI were very incompetent and incapable leaders and proved to be weak administrators. King Louis XVI was the most incompetent with his Queen Marie interfered too much in the administration even though she was ignorant of the sufferings of the poor and the destitute. She did not allow financial reforms as these affected the interests of the nobility and the clergy. The society of France had a major role to play in the French Revolution.

The French society, in the 18th century was based on inequality and had three major divisions namely the clergy, nobility and the commoners. The nobility fought, the clergy prayed and the commoners had to pay. The war expenses of the French government due to the war of American independence as well as the Carnatic wars in India had dented the treasures of France. National debt had increased beyond the limit contributing as an economic factor in French Revolution.

To drive the economy out of the Hornet’s nest, the government planned to put more tax burdens on the commoners, which led a wide social unrest and the slogan of “No taxation without representation” became famous among the masses. This made the king to sell important state offices to mobilize national income which, to a great extent jeopardized the societal functions of the French culminating into French Revolution.

A pivotal role in this French Revolution was played by the various social and political philosophers who prepared the people for the uprising. Most important among them were Montesquieu, Voltaire and Rousseau. The revolutionary ideas of these philosophers created awareness among the masses. The impact of American war of independence acted as a catalyst to the French who now decided to put an end to this despotic rule and introduce Rule of Law and People’s representation in the French society.

These were few of the causes which led to French Revolution, one of the most cataclysmic event of the 18th century in the world history.

62 thoughts on “French Revolution and its Causes

  1. eebest8

    Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.

    Reply
  2. Patrick Mahony

    Appreciate you sharing, great article post.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

    Reply
  3. auto insurance Newport Beach CA

    A round of applause for your article.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

    Reply
  4. kayaЕџehir evden eve nakliyat

    Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

    Reply
  5. CAPA PARA PISCINA

    Very good post! We are linking to this particularly great content on our site. Keep up the great writing.

    Reply
  6. desene

    I’m very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best doc.

    Reply
  7. viewpoint-discrimination

    Generally I don’t learn article on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to take a look at and do it! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, very great article.

    Reply
  8. adam & eve coupon code

    I am so grateful for your article post.Really looking forward to read more.

    Reply
  9. Float Therapy in Phoenix

    I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for great info I was looking for this information for my mission.

    Reply
  10. esenyurt nakliyat

    Hi there, You have done an excellent job. I will certainly digg it and in my opinion recommend to my friends. I’m sure they will be benefited from this website.

    Reply
  11. sdorttuii plmnr

    Hello there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really enjoy your content. Please let me know. Many thanks

    Reply
  12. sdorttuiiplmnr

    Im not sure the place you are getting your information, however good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful information I used to be on the lookout for this info for my mission.

    Reply
  13. SEO services packages

    I have read some just right stuff here. Definitely price bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how so much attempt you set to make any such excellent informative web site.

    Reply
  14. tablet

    hello!,I like your writing so much! share we communicate more about your post on AOL? I require a specialist on this area to solve my problem. May be that’s you! Looking forward to see you.

    Reply
  15. nba shop australia

    Usually I do not read post on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very pressured me to check out and do it! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, very nice article.

    Reply
  16. sdorttuii plmnr

    What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively helpful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to contribute & help other users like its helped me. Good job.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

99 − = 91